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Phonics & Reading

Phonics in taught daily from Nursery up until Year 2.

In school we use Letters and Sounds to teach phonics.

You can follow the links to find out more - -


In school we use a variety of reading books and our main schemes are; Alphablocks reading programme which ensures children are reading decodable books as they move through phonics phases, with Oxford reading tree and Rigby Star enabling children and families to share and enjoy books together.

You can follow the following links to find out more about the reading schemes:


Phase 1 - 6

Phase 1


This phase is completed in Nursery but should run through all phases. The main purpose of this phase is to develop children’s listening skills and awareness of sounds in the environment. The children will complete a variety of activities and learn a range of skills such as tuning into sounds, listening and remembering sounds, taking about sounds and finishing with oral blending and segmenting. We would expect Nursery children to be ready to move onto phase two by the time they leave Nursery.


Phase 2

This phase is started in Reception. The purpose of this phase is to teach at least 19 letters, and move children on from oral

blending and segmentation to blending and segmenting with letters. By the end of this phase children should be able to read some VC and CVC words and to spell them. During the phase they will be introduced to reading two-syllable words and simple captions. They

will also learn to read some high-frequency ‘exception’ words: the, to, go, no.


Phase 3

Most Reception children should be able to move onto this phase in the Spring Term. The purpose of this phase is to teach another 25 sounds, most of them comprising two letters (e.g. sh) which we call diagraphs. Children will also continue to practise CVC blending and segmentation in this phase and will apply their knowledge of blending and segmenting to reading and spelling simple

two-syllable words and captions. They will learn letter names during this phase, learn to read some more 'exception' words and also begin to learn to spell some of these words.


Phase 4

This phase should be touched upon in the run up to the end of reception as a recap of Phase 3. Most children should be confident in their phase 3 sounds and can use them in their reading and their writing with the hope that after a recap in Year 1 they can then move onto phase 5. Phase 4 also teaches the children how to read and write CVCC words.


Phase 5

This is a lengthy phase and will be covered in Y1 and quite possibly into Y2. The purpose of this phase is for children to broaden their knowledge of sounds for use in reading and spelling. They will learn new sounds, different ways of spelling them and alternative pronunciations. 


Phase 6

Children should come to the end of phase 6 in Y2 and during this phase, children become fluent readers and increasingly accurate spellers.


Phonics Screening Check

Children in Year1 will have a Phonics Screening Check in the Summer term.  The phonics screening check is designed to confirm whether pupils have learnt phonic decoding to an appropriate standard. It will identify pupils who need extra help to improve their decoding skills. The check consists of 20 real words and 20 'nonsense' words that a pupil reads aloud to the teacher. Parents in Year 1 are offered support and help with understanding the test and how they can best they can support their child to do their best.